Negative effects on physical violence used on children as punishment for undesireable behavior
In: Pediatrics: a primary care approach. Toward effective discussion of discipline and corporal punishment during primary care visits: findings from studies of doctor-patient interaction.
Research on the long-term effects of physical punishment are consistent, and overwhelmingly negative over a wide variety of child development outcomes.
Positive effects of corporal punishment
Joseph and T. The normativeness of physical punishment varied across six countries in the study, from the lowest in Thailand, through China, the Philippines, Italy to the highest in Kenya Lansford et al. Christophersen ER. The pain of punishment often leads to a display of aggression against either the source of the pain or, in some cases, an innocent scapegoat. Simply because we can almost always control behavior just as effectively by using reinforcement as by using punishment, and without having to put up with the problems and negative side effects of punishment. The study involved interviews with mothers involved in a Head Start programme when their infants were 14 months old, and used Q-sort measures of attachment and two questions about spanking from the HOME inventory. In response, Gershoff b has argued that, rather than being deviant, the levels of punishment included are normative. Grusec, J. Discipline and punishment. Schuster eds. The research on the effects of corporal punishment achieves a degree of consistency that is rare in social science Holden , Straus and Stewart Immediate access to this article To see the full article, log in or purchase access. The authors concluded that parental harshness was associated with poorer cognitive achievement and social adjustment in the school setting. Solomon, C.
Research suggests that the use of physical punishment does the reverse, and inhibits the development of moral internalisation. Baumrind, D.
Banks, R. Gollop, N.
Negative effects of corporal punishment on students
New York: Churchill Livingstone, — Reported parental harshness was associated with negative teacher reports of child adjustment at school and parental reports of behaviour problems at home. Nevertheless, children who had experienced physical punishment, regardless of whether it was perceived as normative, were more aggressive and anxious. Halfon, K. Corporal punishment does not guarantee a harmful effect, but the more that children experience corporal punishment and the more frequent and severe it is, the more they are at risk for problems like aggression and depression, regardless of their cultural background. The use of physical punishment has been associated with many negative social outcomes, including aggression, disruptive behaviour in school, lack of acceptance by peers, crime and delinquency. Berube, S. In: The normal child: some problems of the early years and their treatment. There were other things: go to your room, miss out on something.
Pastorelli, A. A longitudinal study in Wisconsin public schools by Shumow et al.
based on 29 review