It was "an admirable Monument", surmounted by a dome and adorned with arabesques of striking colours. He brought architects from Spain and Cairo who built his grand palace and the famous Djinguereber Mosque.
Musa spent lavishly during his journey distributing gold to people and exchanging it for souvenirs in the cities he crossed on his way to Mecca including Cairo and Medina.
The mosque was completed by CE, and al-Tuedjin lived the rest of his life in Mali. Many mosques and educational centers were built in Timbuktu and Gao. He had many buildings such as his grand palace, educational centers, and mosques built.
Timbuktu was clearly the center of Islamic Sub-Saharan Africa. He was drawn as a parody of European royalty, and a normal person with a crown. When the king did not return, Mansa Musa became the ruler by default. He was a young man with a brown skin, a pleasant face and good figure…His gifts amazed the eye with their beauty and splendour.
He made generous donations to charities and to the poor as well as to the rulers of the cities and regions he visited.
According to primary sources, Musa was appointed deputy of Abubakari Keita IIthe king before him, who had reportedly embarked on an expedition to explore the limits of the Atlantic Oceanand never returned. It was such tales of gold that would inspire later European explorers to brave disease, warlike tribes, and inhospitable terrain to find the fabled riches of Timbuktu, the golden city of the desert that nobody quite knew where to place on the map even in the 18th century CE.