An analysis of the multicultural considerations on family counselling individual differences languag

Note to facilitator: consider splitting the group up into smaller groups and give them different parts of the activity to complete, which they can then share with the whole group.

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Sex is the physical, biological difference between women and men. Health professionals in the United States, and the institutions in which they train and practice, are rooted in Western medicine. Mental health professionals trace their roots to Western medicine and, more particularly, to two major European milestones - the first forms of biological psychiatry in the midth century and the advent of psychotherapy or "talk therapy" near the end of that century Shorter, The need for multicultural counseling increases as populations grow more diverse.

Often called acculturative stress, it occurs during the process of adapting to a new culture Berry et al. Location of Residence and Language Differences: Depending upon the climate patterns, geological terrain, and types of occupations available, individuals will possess various strengths and interests.

An analysis of the multicultural considerations on family counselling individual differences languag

There are some well recognized differences in symptom presentation across cultures. With a seemingly endless range of subgroups and individual variations, culture is important because it bears upon what all people bring to the clinical setting.

Importance of culture in counseling

Thus, poor somatic health takes a toll on mental health. The clinician and the patient also may harbor different assumptions about what a clinician is supposed to do, how a patient should act, what causes the illness, and what treatments are available. Mistrust is widely accepted as pervasive among minorities, yet there is surprisingly little empirical research to document it Cooper-Patrick et al. Stigma is widespread in the United States and other Western nations Bhugra, ; Brockington et al. These possibilities intensify with the demographic trends highlighted at the end of the chapter. Over , Japanese Americans were unconstitutionally incarcerated during World War II, yet none was ever shown to be disloyal. With a seemingly endless range of subgroups and individual variations, culture is important because it bears upon what all people bring to the clinical setting. The Indian Removal Act of forced American Indians off their land and onto reservations in remote areas of the country that lacked natural resources and economic opportunities. Cultural misunderstandings between patient and clinician, clinician bias, and the fragmentation of mental health services deter minorities from accessing and utilizing care and prevent them from receiving appropriate care. While 8 percent of whites are poor, rates are much higher among racial and ethnic minorities: 11 percent of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, 23 percent of Hispanic Americans, 24 percent of African Americans, and 26 percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives U. What follows are numerous examples of the ways in which culture influences mental health, mental illness, and mental health services. Because of immigration, the Asian American population grew Intended to reverse decades of inequity, parity seeks coverage for mental health services on a par with that for somatic physical illness.

Similarly, Ying finds that Chinese immigrants who have been in the United States less than one year have fewer symptoms of distress than those residing here for several years. Unique Physical Characteristics: People who possess unique physical characteristics may experience stress of dissatisfaction.

Some communities have negative views about women's bodies. For example, a woman may want her partner or husband to be present when she gives birth but the man may feel pressure from others in the community or fear the reaction of others in a community where this is not usual practice.

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Because of the professional culture of the clinician, some degree of distance between clinician and patient always exists, regardless of the ethnicity of each Burkett,

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Multicultural Concerns